EV and EV Infrastructure (Electric Vehicle) has seen rapid growth over the past decade. This is attributed to the growth in awareness of environmental, health, and safety challenges. There is a change in the usage of conventional vehicles to hybrid vehicles and therefore a growth in the number of plug-ins and electric vehicles sold. Global sales of electric cars have improved by decreasing battery prices, regulating the fuel economy, rising commitments from automotive makers driven by the procurement of subsidies, and growing market demand.
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle, Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV), Full Hybrid Vehicle (FHV), and 12&48 Volt Mild Hybrid Vehicle are available in different forms of vehicle electrification. BEV is externally powered by a power cord that is driven by energy generated in a battery. This electrical energy is transformed into mechanical energy by an electric motor. Hybrid vehicles, on the other hand, consist of both an e-motor using fossil fuel power and a battery to drive the engine using electric power. Although the vehicle has an internal combustion engine to burn the fuel, the battery is externally powered, and usually has a lower range relative to the BEV.
To generate power, the FCV electric motor uses hydrogen as fuel. Using a fuel cell stored in the FCV tanks, electricity is produced from compressed hydrogen gas. The FHV consists of power generation batteries, electric motors, and ICVs. By regenerative braking, the batteries are recharged during the braking phase and thus use electric power during acceleration or steady speed. Via regenerative braking, 12&48 Volt Mild Hybrid Vehicles are externally charged during the braking phase and used as boosters during the acceleration period. 25% of electrified vehicles are expected to be sold globally by 2025. Battery electric vehicle sale is expected to be 10% of the overall sale of 25% and the rest being PHEV and Full Hybrid.
Several governments have implemented Zero and Low Emission Vehicle standards and policies. This allowed suppliers to produce and roll out more versions of electrified vehicles and have an end-users switch to electrification. Other variables including regulations and charging infrastructure would play a major role in the anticipated rapid growth of the EV and EV infrastructure sector.
Charging infrastructure is a key requirement however poses a unique problem as enough investment has not been done. Government support along with high investment from companies is necessary for the idea of EV and EV Infrastructure to propel in the right direction. Not enough charging points give end-users a range of anxiety. Companies are not investing in EV and EV charging infrastructure too fast as needed, as too few are running on road currently to make it a stable business. This problem is expected to be solved with new business opportunities arising in the automotive sector in the long run with a decent return of investment.
Two commodities that are co-dependent on one another are electric vehicles and charging infrastructure. Rising EV adoption by end-users will contribute to the construction of further EV charging infrastructure. Similarly, it is projected that the provision of EV charging infrastructure would accelerate the use of electric vehicles. Shared, self-driving vehicles drive itself to the charging location, and thus it is expected to have better utilization thus promoting its fast-charging methods. It is therefore necessary to have the EV charging infrastructure available for the timely adoption of private and shared EV electrification.
The Government of The Netherlands in 2015 targeted a sale of 15,000 EV, in 2020 a total of 2,00,000 EV’s were sold, and by 2025, 1 million sales of electric vehicles are expected. Amsterdam has installed special parking space access to battery electric vehicles and offers free charging in public parking spaces. The total number of battery electric vehicles used in the Netherlands as of 2018 is 26,533 which is a 6% rise as per the set target for 2020. The electricity production capacity for the Netherlands in 2010 was reported to be at 26.66 million kilowatts. The recent value for the electricity production capacity is reported to be at 33.55 million kilowatts in 2018.
The Dutch electric energy supply grid is of high quality and excellent efficiency. An inclusive and dynamic business model for the creation of the EV charging infrastructure has been developed by private and public parties in the Netherlands. The Netherlands has concluded national interoperability arrangements corresponding to European standards. Since the beginning of 2011, multiple charging structures in service have become fully compatible in the Netherlands.
The number of EV charging infrastructure has increased dramatically over the past five years, continuing the EV trend in the Netherlands. There are private charging stations as well, apart from several public and semi-public charging stations that are easy to locate. By 2017, the number of private charging stations had exceeded 75,000. The number of fast chargers rose from about 600 to over 750 in 2017.
The electrification of parking garages in the Netherlands has made automatic charging possible. Automatic charging mechanism works like robots in a warehouse that automatically plugs in themselves for recharge. This technology is feasible and cost-effective and chargers have been installed in the already existing parking garages and carports of the Netherlands. Users can access Global Market Database for more information on the EV and EV Infrastructure Market.